# Cryptography

**CS499: Cryptography**

**George Mason University, Computer Science, Fall 2018**

**Instructor: **Prof. Foteini Baldimtsi (foteini@gmu.edu)

**Office Hours: **Mondays 2:00PM-4:00PM, Engineering 5333

**Lectures: **Tuesdays 4:30PM-7:10PM, Location: Blueridge Hall 129

**Course Summary**

The course will provide an introduction to modern cryptography. We will cover many practical topics, such as how to correctly use block ciphers and hash functions for the most common tasks: encryption and message authentication. In addition, we will also cover several recent topics in cryptography, such as the use of blockchains for crypto currencies (i.e. Bitcoin), zero-knowledge proofs of knowledge, and searching encrypted databases.

**Objectives**

The main objectives are to convey the importance of *provable* security, to teach students how to use cryptographic tools in a way that is provably secure, to provide students with the ability to decide whether a protocol is secure, and to demonstrate the range of what can be achieved with provable security.

**Course Outcomes: ** Students taking this class will be able to: (a) understand the security properties achieved by common cryptographic mechanisms such as encryption or digital signatures, (b) be familiar with a number of cryptographic protocols (toolbox) available to solve a variety of problems (message integrity, privacy, authentication, proof of knowledge etc), (c) gain some experience on how cryptographic tools are used to secure modern systems such as cryptocurrencies.

**Prerequisites: **There is not hard prerequisite for this course but being familiar with material taught on CS 330, CS483 and MATH 125 is . Although we will learn about practical topics in cryptography, students will need some level of mathematical maturity, i.e. being familiar with concepts in probability theory (computation of expectation, conditional probability etc) and complexity theory (Turing machines, NP-completeness etc) would be helpful for an easier understanding of formal security definitions and proofs. This is __not a course__ about computer hacking or computer security.

**Required Materials**

**Text Book:** Katz and Lindell. **Introduction to modern cryptography**, Second Edition. **(Required). **

There will also be additional readings for each class (available online for free) listed below.

- Cryptography Primitives and Protocols, Aggelos Kiayias
- The Joy of Cryptography, Mike Rosulek
- A course on Cryptography, Rafael Pass & abhi shelat
- Cryptography, an introduction, Nigel Smart
- Introduction to Modern Cryptography, Mihir Bellare & Phil Rogaway

**Grading**

**Midterm: **25%

**Assignments:** 35% (5 assignments, bonus points offered in all of them)

**Final: **30%

**Quizzes: **10% (6 quizzes, lower grade dropped)

**Assignment Submission and Late Policy: **Homework questions will be posted on Blackboard and solutions__ have to__ be submitted through Blackboard (no credit will be given otherwise). Assignments received within 24 hours after the deadline lose 20%, within 48 hours 40% and after that no credit will be given. To be fair with everyone in class __no exception__ will be made to the rule above.

**Grading Scale (before scaling):**

A+ >97% A >92% A- >90%

B+ >87% B >82% B- >80%

C+ >77% C >72% C- >70%

**Graduate Students (CS 595): **Graduate students will be given an extra HW problem to solve in each of the five assignments. They will also have to solve an extra question in both midterm and final.

**Communications: **We will use Piazza to communicate with you. If you have a question about the course you should: (a) Come to office hours, OR (b) Post on Piazza. We have already set up different tags for HW problems and lectures. Please __don't use private posts/emails __to ask technical questions. The rest of the class is probably also interested in your question, so make it public!

**Honor code:** All students must adhere to the GMU Honor Code. You can discuss lecture material with other students in class but you have to work on the assignments alone. More specifically: (1) You must work on the homework problems and write your solutions completely on your own, without looking at other people’s write-ups. (2) You are welcome to use any textbooks, online sources, blogs, research papers, Wikipedia, etc to better understand a notion covered in class or in a homework question. If you do so you __have to__ properly cited it in any submitted work. Failure to do this is plagiarism and is serious violation of the GMU Honor Code and basic scientific ethics, and will not be tolerated. Note that it is not OK to search for solutions to HW problems online.

**Class Schedule (Tentative):**